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Linux VPS 挂载磁盘LVM格式(充分利用磁盘)

其他技术 东方星雨 1042浏览 0评论

最近用了国内的VPS,官方装好系统后,分区没有调好,需要自己把系统以外的分区添加上去,虽然官方的技术也给了教程,苦于自己Linux知识欠缺,没能顺利成功,自己找了好久才找到相关的有用的教程,这里和大家分享一下。

下面教程开始:

[root@MyVPS ~]# fdisk -l //*查看硬盘分区情况*//

Disk /dev/xvda: 10.7 GB, 10737418240 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1305 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/xvda1 * 1 13 104391 83 Linux
/dev/xvda2 14 1044 8281507+ 8e Linux LVM
/dev/xvda3 1045 1305 2096482+ 8e Linux LVM

Disk /dev/xvdb: 7516 MB, 7516192768 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 913 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

Disk /dev/xvdb doesn’t contain a valid partition table
[root@MyVPS ~]#df -hal //*查看已划分区空间使用情况*//
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
9.3G 1.2G 7.7G 13% /
proc 0 0 0 – /proc
sysfs 0 0 0 – /sys
devpts 0 0 0 – /dev/pts
/dev/xvda1 99M 29M 66M 31% /boot
tmpfs 151M 0 151M 0% /dev/shm
none 0 0 0 – /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc
sunrpc 0 0 0 – /var/lib/nfs/rpc_pipefs
[root@MyVPS ~]#fdisk /dev/xvdb //*对硬盘/dev/xvdb进行增加分区操作*//
Device contains neither a valid DOS partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF disklabel
Building a new DOS disklabel. Changes will remain in memory only,
until you decide to write them. After that, of course, the previous
content won’t be recoverable.

Warning: invalid flag 0x0000 of partition table 4 will be corrected by w(rite)

Command (m for help):n //*输入n新建分区*//
Command action
e extended
p primary partition (1-4)
p //*输入p,主分区*//
Partition number (1-4): 1 //*由于xvdb还没有分区.我们这里输入1.第1个分区*//
First cylinder (1-913, default 1)://*回车跳过*//
Using default value 1
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-913, default 913)://*回车跳过*//
Using default value 913

Command (m for help): t //*通过t来指定分区系统格式*//
Selected partition 1
Hex code (type L to list codes):8e //*输入8e LVM系统格式*//
Changed system type of partition 1 to 8e (Linux LVM)

Command (m for help):w //*输入w保存退出*//
The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.
[root@MyVPS ~]#reboot //*重启使之生效*//

Broadcast message from root (pts/0) (Mon Aug 15 00:43:03 2011):

The system is going down for reboot NOW!
[root@MyVPS ~]#
Connection closed by foreign host.

Type `help’ to learn how to use Xshell prompt.
Xshell:>

Connecting to :22…
Connection established.
Escape character is ‘^@]’.

Last login: Mon Aug 15 00:41:06 2011 from
[root@MyVPS1280 ~]#fdisk -l //*查看硬盘分区情况*//

Disk /dev/xvda: 10.7 GB, 10737418240 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1305 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/xvda1 * 1 13 104391 83 Linux
/dev/xvda2 14 1044 8281507+ 8e Linux LVM
/dev/xvda3 1045 1305 2096482+ 8e Linux LVM

Disk /dev/xvdb: 7516 MB, 7516192768 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 913 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/xvdb1 1 913 7333641 8e Linux LVM
[root@MyVPS1280 ~]#pvcreate /dev/xvdb1 //*创建物理卷*//
Physical volume “/dev/xvdb1” successfully created
[root@MyVPS1280 ~]#vgextend VolGroup00 /dev/xvdb1 //*将物理卷加入到组VolGroup2011*//
Volume group “VolGroup00” successfully extended
[root@MyVPS1280 ~]# vgdisplay //*查看物理卷组情况.可以看到我们有6.97G的容量可以扩展*//
— Volume group —
VG Name VolGroup00
System ID
Format lvm2
Metadata Areas 3
Metadata Sequence No 6
VG Access read/write
VG Status resizable
MAX LV 0
Cur LV 2
Open LV 2
Max PV 0
Cur PV 3
Act PV 3
VG Size 16.81 GB
PE Size 32.00 MB
Total PE 538
Alloc PE / Size 315 / 9.84 GB
Free PE / Size 223 / 6.97 GB
VG UUID ONGPxy-HBvY-xrrQ-IjEW-PIiO-2cX7-tg6tuI

[root@MyVPS1280 ~]# lvresize -L +6G /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 //*扩容6G(我们第一次加6G)*//
Extending logical volume LogVol00 to 15.59 GB
Logical volume LogVol00 successfully resized
[root@MyVPS1280 ~]#resize2fs /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 //*动态扩容分区大小*//
resize2fs 1.39 (29-May-2006)
Filesystem at /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 is mounted on /; on-line resizing required
Performing an on-line resize of /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 to 4087808 (4k) blocks.
The filesystem on /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 is now 4087808 blocks long.

[root@MyVPS1280 ~]# vgdisplay //*查看物理卷组情况.可以看到我们还有992M的容量可以扩展*//
— Volume group —
VG Name VolGroup00
System ID
Format lvm2
Metadata Areas 3
Metadata Sequence No 7
VG Access read/write
VG Status resizable
MAX LV 0
Cur LV 2
Open LV 2
Max PV 0
Cur PV 3
Act PV 3
VG Size 16.81 GB
PE Size 32.00 MB
Total PE 538
Alloc PE / Size 507 / 15.84 GB
Free PE / Size 31 / 992.00 MB
VG UUID ONGPxy-HBvY-xrrQ-IjEW-PIiO-2cX7-tg6tuI

[root@MyVPS1280 ~]# lvresize -L +992M /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 //*扩容992M(我们第2次加992M)*//
Extending logical volume LogVol00 to 16.56 GB
Logical volume LogVol00 successfully resized
[root@MyVPS1280 ~]# resize2fs /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 //*动态扩容分区大小*//
resize2fs 1.39 (29-May-2006)
Filesystem at /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 is mounted on /; on-line resizing required
Performing an on-line resize of /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 to 4341760 (4k) blocks.
The filesystem on /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 is now 4341760 blocks long.

[root@MyVPS1280 ~]#vgdisplay //*最后再查看扩容完没有 可以看到已经扩容完毕*//
— Volume group —
VG Name VolGroup00
System ID
Format lvm2
Metadata Areas 3
Metadata Sequence No 8
VG Access read/write
VG Status resizable
MAX LV 0
Cur LV 2
Open LV 2
Max PV 0
Cur PV 3
Act PV 3
VG Size 16.81 GB
PE Size 32.00 MB
Total PE 538
Alloc PE / Size 538 / 16.81 GB
Free PE / Size 0 / 0
VG UUID ONGPxy-HBvY-xrrQ-IjEW-PIiO-2cX7-tg6tuI

[root@MyVPS1280 ~]# df -hal //*查看已划分区空间使用情况 可以看到我们挂载成功*//
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
17G 1.2G 15G 8% /
proc 0 0 0 – /proc
sysfs 0 0 0 – /sys
devpts 0 0 0 – /dev/pts
/dev/xvda1 99M 29M 66M 31% /boot
tmpfs 151M 0 151M 0% /dev/shm
none 0 0 0 – /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc
sunrpc 0 0 0 – /var/lib/nfs/rpc_pipefs
//*S4 Did For AoyoHost*//

注意事项:
1.教程所用主机为CentOS系统,不同Linux、不同服务器的VPS的卷标(本教程中那个的VolGroup00-LogVol00)可能不同,使用df-hal命令可以查看卷标。
2.如果你使用的不是基本套餐或者你的硬盘不是15G,那么你两次操作需要增加的容量要以你vgdisplay所看到的为准,(vgidsplay里面的Free PE/Size显示的就是可扩容容量)。我们只所以分两次扩容是由于1024的进制差别造成的,我们所实际看到的容量6.97G并不能直接一次扩容,所以我们可以先扩容整数部分,然后扩容以M为单位的部分。
3.系统重装后的重装扩展处理(仅格式化系统盘)
系统重装后,直接执行resize2fs进行动态扩容即可
resize2fs /dev/VolGroup2011/LogVol00
4.PVs missing导致LVM无法重新扩容的解决办法
运行vgextend/vgdisplay返回错误:
Couldn’t find device with uuid ************************
Cannot change VG VolGroup2011 while PVs are missing.
此时可以运行:
vgreduce VolGroup2011 –removemissing
然后重新扩容LVM即可

3847623871

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